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Below are a few Italian food words with English translations.
Zafferano: saffron Zampone: sausage-stuffed pig’s foot Zenzero: ginger Zeppole: a fried pastry Verdure: green vegetables Vitello: veal (calf)Vongole: clams Taralli: round sweet or savory biscuits Tonno: tuna Torrone: nougat-type candy Torta: tart Salso: salt Saltari: sauteed Salumi: collective name for salami and similar cured meats Salvia: sage Sambuca: a colorless liqueur made from anise San Giuseppe: Saint Joseph Sarde: sardines Scaloppine: thinly sliced meat Sedani: celery Ragu: meat sauce for pasta Rapini: another name for broccoli rabe Ribollita: Tuscan bread and vegetable soup Ricotta: a fresh, mild cheese Ripieni: stuffed Riso: rice Risotto: rice cooked and stirred with broth until creamy Rollatini: small stuffed meat rolls, sometimes in a sauce Romano: a hard Pecorino cheese Rosmarino: rosemary
Rustico: country-style Pecorino: sheep’s milk cheese Peperoncini: dried red chiles Pesto: a sauce from mashed ingredients, usually basil Piccante: spicy
Pignoli: pine nuts Piselli: peas Pizelle: embossed wafer cookies Pizza Dolce: cake or sweet bread Polenta: a type of cornmeal Polipi: octopus Pollo: chicken Polpette: meatballs Pomodori: tomatoes Porchetta: whole roast pig cooked with herbs and garlic Porcini: meaty wild mushrooms Primavera: springtime Prosciutto: salt-cured, air-dried pork Provolone: a straw-white cheese, sometimes smoked Olio: oil Olio di oliva: olive oil Origano: oregano
Orzo: small, seed-shaped pasta Ostriche: oysters Manzo: beef Marinara: a plain tomato sauce Marinare: to marinate Marsala: a rich brown fortified wine Mascarpone: creamy, soft, mild cheese Melanzane: eggplant Minestra: soup (usually thick) Minestrina: thin soup Minestrone: thick mixed vegetable soup Mortadella: a large cured and spiced pork sausage Mosto Cotto: grape juice cooked to form a thick dark syrup Mozzarella: a pure white soft cheese
Lauro: bayleaf Lenticchie: lentils Limone: lemon Gamberetti: shrimp
Gardiniera: mixed pickled vegetables Garofani: cloves Gnocchi: dumplings eaten with a sauce or in broth Grana Padano: a cow’s milk hard cheese
Granchio: crab Grappa: liqueur made from the must of grapes Griglia: grill Grissini: breadsticks Fagioli: beans Farcita: stuffing or filling Farro: an ancient grain